We are studying Charles Dickens - 'A Christmas Carol' your task in the run up to the Christmas Holidays is to create a revision guide. Also attached is a study guide, any activities completed can be uploaded or brought in for marking.
You have 3 tasks each marked out of 40. Individual: this can be similar to the one posted below. Drama: Job interviews. Group: Spending the school budget.
Fagin extract (Oliver Twist)
It was a chill, damp, windy night, when the Jew: buttoning his great-coat tight round his shrivelled body, and pulling the collar up over his ears so as completely to obscure the lower part of his face: emerged from his den. … It seemed just the night when it befitted such a being as the Jew to be abroad. As he glided stealthily along, creeping beneath the shelter of the walls and doorways, the hideous old man seemed like some loathsome reptile, engendered in the slime and darkness through which he moved: crawling forth, by night, in search of some rich offal for a meal.
What do the underlined words/phrases tell you about the character Fagin?
What verbs add violence to this scene
He had in his hand a heavy cane, with which he was trifling; but he answered never a word, and seemed to listen with an ill-contained impatience. And then all of a sudden he broke out in a great flame of anger, stamping with his foot, brandishing the cane, and carrying on (as the maid described it) like a madman. The old gentleman took a step back, with the air of one very much surprised and a trifle hurt; and at that Mr. Hyde broke out of all bounds and clubbed him to the earth. And next moment, with ape-like fury, he was trampling his victim under foot and hailing down a storm of blows, under which the bones were audibly shattered and the body jumped upon the roadway. At the horror of these sights and sounds, the maid fainted.
Extract from Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde
How can you tell Romeo rushes to act?
What does this tell us about his character?
If you struggle you can find a translation here:
ROMEO I do protest I never injured thee,
But love thee better than thou canst devise,
Till thou shalt know the reason of my love.
And so, good Capulet—which name I tender
As dearly as my own—be satisfied.
(After argument Mercutio is killed by Tybalt)
This gentleman, the Prince’s near ally,
My very friend, hath got his mortal hurt
In my behalf. My reputation stained
With Tybalt’s slander.—Tybalt, that an hour
Hath been my kinsman! O sweet Juliet,
Thy beauty hath made me effeminate
And in my temper softened valor’s steel!
O Romeo, Romeo, brave Mercutio is dead!
That gallant spirit hath aspired the clouds,
Which too untimely here did scorn the earth.
This day’s black fate on more days doth depend.
This but begins the woe others must end.
Here comes the furious Tybalt back again.
Alive in triumph—and Mercutio slain!
Away to heaven, respective lenity,
And fire-eyed fury be my conduct now.
Now, Tybalt, take the “villain” back again
That late thou gavest me, for Mercutio’s soul
Is but a little way above our heads,
Staying for thine to keep him company.
Either thou or I, or both, must go with him.
A few literary terms – be sure to look up examples
Dramatic Irony – audience knows something the characters don’t
Verbal Irony – Meaning is different from what is said (sarcasm)
Situational Irony – Situation is not as it appears to be
Personification – Give human qualities to non-human things
Allusion – reference to another literary work, a historical event or person
Pun – play on words
Tragedy – play in which the main character suffers a major downfall
Prologue – Introduction to a play in which one character sums up & foreshadows future events
Prose – regular paragraph format with no rhyme or rhythm
Metaphor – comparison of 2 different things (saying it IS something)
Foreshadowing – hints or clues to future events in a story
Inference – Draw conclusions as to what has already happened
Assonance – repetition of vowel sounds
Alliteration – repetition of consonant sounds
Connotation – meanings we assign to words
Denotation – dictionary definitions
Sometimes an adjective has two meanings. For example, bright can mean smart and bright can mean shiny like a light. We can use both meanings to make interesting and creative similes:
He is as bright as day.
These similes are interesting because we use the second definition (bright=shiny) to say someone is clever (bright=clever).
Try to make some similes using adjectives that have two meanings like the example above.
(a) easy to understand
(b) easy to see through
(a) cruel and uncaring
(b) opposite of hot
(b) a colour
(b) tastes like nuts